NOTES FOR CHAPTER 20
Inaugural Address--In the Historical Society of Pennsylvania there is a scrapbook, probably kept by Coles, with articles from an unidentified newspaper (or newspapers) that chronicle his years as governor. I have used this source for the texts of Coles' inaugural address and the committee reports discussed below. Back
These new settlers--Theodore Pease, The Frontier State, Springfield, Illinois, 1918, pp. 14-18. The totals for the counties named are: Coles-1860, Phillips-516, Browne-151, Moore-79. See also the Illinois Intelligencer of June 4, 1824, for an analysis of the population issue. A second reason that the Legislature was pro-slavery is that some pro-slavery candidates were successful enough at diverting the campaign to local issues to be elected by anti-slavery constituencies. See William H. Brown, An Historical Sketch of the Early Movement in Illinois for the Legalization of Slavery, Chicago, 1876, p. 17. Back
Bringing forward the measure--Edward Coles to Roberts Vaux, Jan. 21, 1824, Historical Society of Pennsylvania. See also Edward Coles to Nicholas Biddle, April 22, 1823, in Alvord, p. 120. Hooper Warren (Alvord, pp. 339-343) criticizes Coles' move, and Ford says of Coles' call for abolition: This served as the spark to kindle into activity all elements in favor of slavery (Thomas Ford, History of Illinois, Chicago, 1854, p. 52). Back
There were a number of abolition bills--Illinois Intelligencer, Dec. 7, 1822 - Feb. 15, 1823. The argument against abolition bills is contained in the minority report of the House committee. Unless otherwise specified, the source of my narrative of events in the legislature is these issues of the Intelligencer. Back
The county commissioner declared Hansen the winner--Illinois Intelligencer, Dec. 14, 1822. See also the editorial in the Edwardsville Spectator, Feb. 15, 1823; Ford, p. 52; and Joseph Gillespie, "Recollections of Early Illinois and Her Noted Men," Fergus Historical Series, no. 13, Chicago, 1880, p. 10. Back
That night, behind the scenes--Alvord, p.
77. Washburne claims that a rider was despatched to Pike County to bring
Shaw to Vandalia, but that was impossible since it is 260 mile round
trip--a journey of four to five days, as Washburne says.
They formed themselves--Ford, p. 53. Since this description looks much like the description given in the Edwardsville Spectator of the carousals of the previous night, it is possible that the dating of one or the other is in error. But since both Ford and Reynolds recall a procession on the night after passage of the resolution, while the Spectator article clearly describes a scene occurring on the previous night, the likelihood is that there were two tumultuous demonstrations on two successive nights, the first one angry and the second exultant. Back